Pearls are beautiful gems that are pristine as well as precious; looking like dewdrops. They continue to fascinate people who wear them or use them for other types of jewelry. Do you know that there is money to be made in operating a pearl farm? Did you even know that they can be grown on a farm?

Pearl farms

Cultured pearls can be grown on what is now called pearl farms. This is where several thousand of oysters are nucleated and then they are cared for up to 5 years. It takes this many years for the pearl to develop and grow. This type farming depends like any farming on luck and skill.

Factors that can ruin an oyster bed

An entire bed of these oysters can be totally upset by unpredictable factors that any type of farm can have no control over. With pearls these can include:

  • Pollution of water
  • Storms that are severe
  • Excessive cold or heat
  • Diseases
  • Other natural and man-made problems


Pearl farmers attempt to control as many of these factors that they can but pearl farming like regular farming can be risky business.

On the market

Most of the pearls from farms make up nearly 100 percent of pearls that are on the market for sale today. Pearls that are natural only make up less than 1/1000th a percent of pearls on the market.

Step #1

Step #1 in beginning the process of producing pearls is to find oysters and have them nucleated. This technique in the early times in this type of farming was to collect oysters from the sea. Some pearl farmers today continue with this method but most use the modern technique of breeding their own oysters.


This involves farmers collecting oyster sperm and eggs from very high-quality oysters that are already on the farm. The eggs will be fertilized by the sperm and this produces the next generation of larvae that will develop into the newest bed of oysters with pearls.

This is the beginning of the process of farming pearls. It sounds easy but it’s not. You can get further information at