Lung cancer in India accounts for 6.9 per cent of all new cancer cases and 9.3 per cent of all cancer fatalities in the country. This is a cancer which has been found to affect different regions in the country differently, with the highest effect being in Mizoram, though Delhi, Chennai and Bengaluru are too becoming high-risk zones and it is slowly making its way into Indian crowdfunding.
This is a cancer which affects men and women at almost the same rate. While it is perceived that smoking is the most common and strongest reason for getting lung cancer, and since smoking in public is largely taboo among women, actually both of these are based on myths. First of all, smoking is not the only cause of lung cancer. Also, while women are not allowed to smoke in public, India has the highest number of women smokers after the US, meaning that there is a lot of indoor smoking.
Some of the causes of lung cancer are smoking, exposure to radon gas, second-hand smoke, and exposure to asbestos and other harmful chemicals. Which means that women who use ovens for cooking or are continuously exposed to smoke, or children who are exposed to smoking are also at risk, as are those poor people who are working in industries that make them vulnerable to carcinogens.
While it may be said that cutting down on the risk factors would decrease the chances of contracting the disease, and while the young people are at least making an active effort at giving up smoking, very recently it has been found that in North India the number of smokers with lung cancer is the same as the non-smokers with lung cancer, which is mostly due to air pollution.
The symptoms of lung cancer are coughing up blood, pain in the chest, loss of appetite, loss in weight and general fatigue, shortness of breath, wheezing and change in the voice quality.
The thing with lung cancer is that it is not a cancer with the best chances of survival. And Asians have been found to have a higher genetic disposition towards it. Nevertheless, the treatment is always expensive, and it is among the most common types of cancers to feature in the crowdfunding platforms in India. And is also among the most expensive types of cancer to be treated, as the cumulative treatment for lung cancer in India is anything between Rs. 20 lakhs and Rs. 22 lakhs. Under such circumstances, not only the underprivileged, but even the middle class have immense difficulties affording treatment, and this is where the crowdfunding for cancer can help.